Museos y Exposiciones

Caesaraugusta Forum Museum >> Historical Background

This underground museum is located in the present-day La Seo square and houses the archaeological remains discovered during excavations carried out between 1988-1991 in this part of the city and which have been preserved at their original site.

The architectural structures essentially date back to two stages in the city´s history. The oldest structures date from the foundation of the Roman city (in the time of the Emperor Augustus) and show the remains of a market, drinking water supply pipes, a sewer with its channels and the odd shop wall. From a later date (some thirty years later during the period of the Emperor Tiberius) there are remains of a spacious forum, a large sewer, channels and foundations of a sector of the porticoes and adjoining establishments.

THE FORUM

The forum was the nerve centre of the Roman city, the hub of religious, civil, economic and political life as well as municipal administration.

It was generally located at the intersection of the city´s main road axes: Cardus and Decumanus, but in Caesaraugusta the forum was situated nearer to the Ebro,  without doubt due to the trade activity which the river generated as a centre for the reception and distribution of different goods.

The layout of a forum was planned around a large open space, paved with large slabs and surrounded by one or several porticoes leading to the most significant buildings: the Curia (building of a political nature), the Basilica (legal-administrative nature) and the Temple (religious nature). Alongside these buildings there were taverns, commercial establishments and other buildings related to the administration.