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Climate-Related Disasters in Asia and the Pacific

Climate-Related Disasters in Asia and the Pacific
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB). July 2013
  • This document explores whether there is a statistical relationship between changes in climate variables such as temperature and precipitation and the frequency of intense natural disasters. The paper is structured as follows. Section II sets out a framework for analysis, based on the IPCC's disaster risk framework, focusing on the key idea that natural disaster risk is affected by hazards, exposure to those hazards, and vulnerability to their effects. Section III presents an overview of natural disaster data and trends globally, and in Asia and the Pacific. It notes that the overall trend of increasing disasters is largely due to greater frequency of intense hydrometeorological events (floods and storms), rather than geophysical events. Section IV uses the disaster risk framework presented in Section II to examine how the risks of intense climate-related disasters in Asia and the Pacific might be connected to demographic factors, socioeconomic and environmental degradation, and climate anomalies. Section V complements the regional review with a description of the likely impact of climate and disasters in the Philippines. The final section presents some implications.
  • Geographical coverage: Asia, Pacific Islands, Philippines
  • Main themes: Climate change, Disasters, Information and data, Risk management, Vulnerability
  • Main target audience: Governments, Policy makers, Statistical community
  • Main purpose: Advocacy, Assessment
  • Type of resource: Research study
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