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Renewable Energy Desalination. An Emerging Solution to Close the Water Gap in the Middle East and North Africa

Renewable Energy Desalination. An Emerging Solution to Close the Water Gap in the Middle East and North Africa
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), World Bank. September 2012
  • This study aims at assessing the viability of desalination to close the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region's growing water gap, including associated technological, economic, and environmental implications. After an introduction to the volume, Chapter 2 assesses current and future water availability and water demand. Chapter 3 draws on the findings and methodology of the 2030 Water Resources Group study "Charting Our Water Future" (2009) to identify the potential mix of technical measures to close the supply-demand gap for the MENA Region as a whole and for each country in particular. Chapter 4 reviews the growth of desalination in MENA and the current state of desalination technology. Chapter 5 discusses the growth of Renewable Energy (RE) desalination globally. Chapter 6 supplies an overview of the environmental impacts of desalination and the opportunities to alleviate them. Chapter 7 takes a more holistic view of the energy demands of desalination vis a vis the region's future energy production. Chapter 8 highlights the major findings of this volume.
  • Geographical coverage: Africa, Middle-East
  • Main themes: Desalination, Energy, Environment, Pollution, Technology, Water availability, Water demand
  • Main target audience: Governments, Policy makers, Scientists
  • Main purpose: Assessment
  • Type of resource: Assessment report, Recommendations
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Published in 2015