International Decade for Action "Water for Life" 2005-2015rss RSS SubscribeEnglish Español

Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters. The Economics of Effective Prevention

Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters. The Economics of Effective Prevention
  • United Nations (UN), World Bank. November 2010
  • The title of this report conveys the key message that droughts, floods, storms, etc. are natural hazards, but deaths and damages that result from human acts of omission and commission are unnatural disasters. Every disaster is unique, but each exposes actions┐by individuals and governments at different levels┐that, had they been different, would have resulted in fewer deaths and less damage. Prevention is possible, and this report examines what it takes to do this cost-effectively. The report looks at disasters primarily through an economic lens but draws also from other disciplines: psychology to examine how people may misperceive risks, political science to understand voting patterns, and nutrition science to see how stunting in children after a disaster impairs cognitive abilities and productivity as adults much later. Peering into the future, the report shows that growing cities will increase exposure to hazards, but that vulnerability will not rise if cities are better managed. The intensities and frequencies of hazards in the coming decades will change with the climate, and the report examines this complicated and contentious subject, acknowledging all the limitations of data and science
  • Geographical coverage: Africa, Asia, Europe, Global, Latin America and the Caribbean, Pacific Islands, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Turkey, Banda Aceh, Gujarat
  • Main themes: Climate change, Disaster prevention, Disasters, Economic impact, Financing, Vulnerability
  • Main target audience: Decision makers, Development agencies, Governments, Policy makers
  • Main purpose: Advocacy, Awareness raising
  • Type of resource: Research study
  • Download file (34.7 MB)
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Published in 2015