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Africa Water Atlas

Africa Water Atlas
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). November 2010
  • This Atlas is a visual account of Africa's endowment and use of water resources, revealed through 224 maps and 104 satellite images as well as some 500 graphics and hundreds of photos. It gathers information about water in Africa and its role in the economy and development, health, food security, transboundary cooperation, capacity building and environmental change. The Atlas starts with a special feature that focuses on the often two-sided nature of water issues in Africa: surplus and scarcity, under-developed and overexploited and challenges and opportunities. Chapter one provides the geographical foundations of water quantity, quality and distribution across Africa's diverse regions. Chapter two focuses on water at the scale of major watersheds and groundwater basins that cross national boundaries. Chapter three examines nine challenges and opportunities facing Africa as it strives to improve the quantity, quality and use of its water resources. Each of the nine issues is presented by discussing the challenge, the situation, the constraints and the opportunities. The final chapter is a country-by-country look at water availability and withdrawals, irrigation and water use by sector. The country profiles also summarize progress toward the MDG water targets. The Atlas is meant as a tool for decisions makers by providing clues to address Africa's most challenging water issues.
  • Geographical coverage: Africa, Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Congo (Democratic Republic of the), Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania , Mauritius, Morocco , Mozambique , Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania (United Republic of), Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Abidjan Aquifer, Congo/Zaire River Basin, Iullemeden-Irhazer Aquifer System, Juba Shabelle River Basin, Kalahari Karoo Aquifer, Lake Chad Basin, Lake Turkana Basin, Limpopo River Basin, Niger River Basin, Nile River Basin, North-Western Sahara Aquifer System, Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System, Ogooue River Basin, Okavango River Basin, Orange River Basin, Senegal River Basin, Tano River Basin, Volta River Basin, Zambezi River Basin
  • Main themes: Agriculture, Climate change, Dams, Drinking water, Energy, Environment, Food security, Gender, Groundwater, Land degradation, Millennium Development Goals (MDG), Pollution, River Basin Management, Rural areas, Sanitation, State of water resources, Transboundary waters, Urban areas, Water allocation, Water availability, Water balance, Water demand, Water governance, Water quality, Water scarcity, Water supply, Watersheds, Wetlands
  • Main target audience: All audiences, Decision makers, Development agencies, Governments, International community, Policy makers
  • Main purpose: Advocacy, Assessment
  • Type of resource: Assessment report, Atlas
  • Download file (30.6 MB)
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Published in 2015