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Small-scale water providers in Kenya: pioneers or predators?

Small-scale water providers in Kenya: pioneers or predators?
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). August 2011
  • This study examines the role small-scale water providers play in ensuring affordable, safe and reliable water supply. The paper looks at whether small-scale providers in Kenya are innovative gap fillers, as proponents claim, or predators, as the sceptics argue. The study is organised as follows: Section 2 locates the paper within the conceptual framework of the "poverty penalty" literature. Section 3 outlines the methodology and the data used in the analysis. Section 4 describes the water distribution and supply chain. Section 5 presents the findings on the demand for and consumption of water. Section 6 explores the extent to which the regulatory framework adequately addresses the challenges to ensuring affordable, safe and reliable water supply in informal settlements. Section 7 concludes with some policy recommendations.
  • Geographical coverage: Africa, Kenya
  • Main themes: Legal aspects, Markets, Poverty reduction, Small-scale providers, Tariffs, Urban areas, Water demand, Water supply
  • Main target audience: Decision makers, Local officials, Service providers, Utility managers
  • Main purpose: Assessment, Stimulate debate
  • Type of resource: Case studies, Research study
  • Download file (3.1 MB)
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Published in 2015