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(A) Primer on Energy Efficiency for Municipal Water and Wastewater Utilities

(A) Primer on Energy Efficiency for Municipal Water and Wastewater Utilities
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), World Bank. February 2012
  • This primer is concerned with energy use and efficiency of network-based water supply and wastewater treatment in urban areas. It focuses on the supply side of the municipal water cycle, including the extraction, treatment, and distribution of water, and collection and treatment of wastewater-activities which are directly managed by water and wastewater utilities (WWUs).
  • Geographical coverage: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Brazil, India, Mexico , South Africa, Ukraine, Fortaleza, Emfuleni, Karnataka
  • Main themes: Capacity building, Community management, Economic instruments, Energy, Investments, Poverty reduction, Public-private partnerships (PPP), Sanitation, Urban areas, Utility services, Wastewater, Water supply, Water treatment
  • Main target audience: International organizations, Local governments, Project planners, Service providers, Utility managers, Water operators
  • Main purpose: Capacity-building
  • Type of resource: Manual
  • Download file (2.9 MB)
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Published in 2015