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More, Better, or Different Spending? Trends in Public Expenditure on Water and Sanitation in Sub-Saharan Africa

More, Better, or Different Spending? Trends in Public Expenditure on Water and Sanitation in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), World Bank Water Partnership Program (WPP). December 2011
  • This overview paper aims to determine the size and composition of the flow of funds, assess the quality of public spending, and identify common issues in public expenditure in the water sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. The paper tests current public spending patterns against the economic rationale for such spending, including reducing disparities in service delivery and overcoming market failures. The scope of the present review includes expenditures by public institutions (at the central and local government levels) on domestic resources and grants or loans provided by external funding agencies. The review does not include off-budget spending by water utilities. In other words, while the numbers in this review include public subsidies to utilities, they do not include expenditure by utilities, thus disregarding expenditures paid for by consumer cost-recovery. This review is a data mining exercise of country PERs that were written to serve in the political dialogue on the challenges in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 and on bottlenecks in enhancing public finance management performance.
  • Geographical coverage: Africa, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Congo (Democratic Republic of the), Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique , Niger, Sierra Leone, Tanzania (United Republic of), Togo
  • Main themes: Economic impact, Economic instruments, Financing, Investments, Millennium Development Goals (MDG), Sanitation, Utility services, Water governance, Water management, Water policy, Water services, Water supply
  • Main target audience: Decision makers, Financial community, International organizations, National administrations
  • Main purpose: Advocacy, Assessment
  • Type of resource: Assessment report
  • Download file (6.4 MB)
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Published in 2015