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On the right track. Good practices in realising the rights to water and sanitation

On the right track. Good practices in realising the rights to water and sanitation
  • UN Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. March 2012
  • This compendium of good practices on the human right to water and sanitation provides discussion and analysis of existing practices, with the aim of inspiring policy and decision-makers, practitioners, activists and civil society in general to engage with the rights to water and sanitation and to assist in the difficult but crucial process of ensuring that everyone has access to safe drinking water and sanitation services for all basic daily personal and domestic purposes. Practices have been organised into four main types, and the chapters are named accordingly. Chapter one examines State actions and the legal and institutional frameworks that promote the realisation of the rights to water and sanitation; international and national legislation and policies, such as constitutions, Water Acts and water and sanitation policies and programmes, and the regulatory institutional frameworks are presented in this chapter. Chapter two considers financing for the sector, and presents good practices for targeted budgeting and appropriate subsidies to ensure affordability of services for all, with a particular focus on the difficulties of securing sufficient funding for realising the right to sanitation. Chapter three looks at what non-State stakeholders are doing to promote and protect the rights to water and sanitation, and presents specific practices for the delivery of water and sanitation services to hard-to-reach areas, and for those groups that may be discriminated against. This chapter also presents practices that raise awareness about what the rights to water and sanitation can mean to civil society, particularly to those who do not have access to these rights. It also touches upon the responsibilities of non-State actors in the realisation of the rights to water and sanitation. Chapter four completes the picture by presenting practices that demonstrate how States and other actors can be held accountable through the monitoring of water and sanitation services, including water quality and affordability of services, by monitoring budgets and plans to check whether promises of funding are fulfilled and allocations are spent as intended, and through formal and informal adjudication processes such as court cases and the role of national human rights institutions. The concluding chapter discusses gaps in the practices, the areas where there continue to be problems in both understanding and implementing the rights, and attempts to look into the future to see where these practices may take us.
  • Geographical coverage: Global, Afghanistan, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Cambodia, Cameroon, Egypt, Ghana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Philippines, Senegal, Slovenia, Tanzania (United Republic of), Uganda, United States of America, Viet Nam
  • Main themes: Drinking water, Emergency situations, Environment, Equity, Financing, Gender, Human right to water and sanitation, Human rights, Hygiene, Legal aspects, Millennium Development Goals (MDG), Monitoring, Negotiation, Participation, Rural areas, Sanitation, Urban areas, Water governance, Water quality, Water supply
  • Main target audience: Community, Community project officers, Governments, International community, Policy makers, Practitioners, Project managers
  • Main purpose: Advocacy, Guidance, Stimulate debate
  • Type of resource: Case studies, Good practices, Guidelines, Recommendations
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