Zaragoza Cultural

Culture Observatory

Newsletter No 27 (february 2014)
Área de cultura del Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza

Editorial

 

To mark the International Women´s Day we have decided to devote the whole newsletter to women and culture.

 

"Equality for women: progress for all"

(Motto of the International Women´s Day 2014)

With their own name, with their own voice. Present-day women in culture

"Any person who owns a theatre company don´t take with them any female actor, under penalty of five years of exile from the kingdom and 100,000 maravedis for the Chamber of His Majesty"

This is the text forbidding women to act in the theatres of Castile in 1586. Until the 16th century female roles were played by male actors. The incorporation of women to the stage was progressive. The possibility of a woman managing a theatre company was not even considered. If we analyse the role of women along history in other cultural areas, the situation is not more encouraging. Neither in photography (the work of the German war photo-journalist Gerda Taro has been hidden under the name of her husband Robert Capa, for example) nor in cinema (Kathryn Bigelow has been the first woman awarded an Oscar to the best Film Director in 2009 for The Hurt Locker). Neither in literature women have had an easy road (at the height of the 20th century we find examples of female writers who had to use a pseudonym, such as Caterina Albert who used the name Victor Catalá). In music, women could not studied to become a composer until halfway through the 20th century;...


Women are only majority among population consuming certain cultural forms -books, theatre, dance- but not in the creation and management of culture in general. Other ways of cultural consumption (readers of papers, use of the Internet) are mainly activities made by men. Both among those who create (filmmakers, writers, plastic artists, poets, composers, playwrights...) and among the rest of cultural agents (film and stage producers, editors, critics...), women are a minority. In the cultural field there are only a few careers with a majority of females (ballet dancers, choreographers, teachers).

Virtually all the graphic humorists who publish in the Spanish press are males. Only a 6% of conductors are women, a 12 % of the composers and a 9% of music critics. Talking about the Spanish museums, only 28% are managed by women. From the Spanish films released in the last years, only a 7% have been directed by women. If we added scriptwriters, women represent a 12%, whereas in the categories of wardrobe and make-up there is an 81% of women. In the main Spanish papers ?El País, ABC, La Razón, El Mundo, La Vanguardia and El Periódico de Catalunya- all the directors, vice-directors, deputy directors... are men.

In culture, women have been historically thought, categorised and defined by an idea built exclusively by men. At the same time, male have built female identity, pushing it to the realm of what is different, curious, marginal or simply to silence. As Mercedes Arriaga Flórez argues (Las mujeres en la cultura y en los medios de comunicación, 2005), culture has built women as a target for knowledge, denying them at the same time the possibility of being a subject of knowledge. Culture has conceived women as characters, objects of art, paintings, comics, publicity icons, turning them into aesthetic objects, whereas, at the same time, they were denied the possibility of being authors or creators of aesthetics. Women in culture have been characterised by their invisibility and silence. And this has been precisely the focus of women and men efforts during a long time: try to reach equality.

An increasing number of women consider that the best way for promoting lasting changes in society is transforming the ideas, transforming culture. Women and culture. Women and the media? Not only to be a woman that reads or writes?to be visualised in an already established culture but in a culture made by her; rethink her position in the world with a transformation of the ideas inherited. Practice in culture. Practice in the media. Be a woman. Have your own name. Because true equality only will be obtained when women conquer their own voice, their own words, their own ways? Until women who participate in any cultural field as creators, technicians, managers, cultural agents or consumers can stand against difficulties and demand their space? Until the Law of Equality referring to creation and artistic and intellectual production made by women can be applied? Until a permanent analysis of the situation of women in all the fields of creation and culture can be included and women can periodically contribute with their researching data? Until the avoidance in the use of sexist references and degrading stereotypes? Until the definition of "masculine" meaning "manly" and "energetic" and "feminine" meaning "weak" and "feeble" is erased? Until there is not any doubt that women can think and take decisions by themselves, on their own life, on their own body?Until women cannot write their worlds with their own name, with their own voice? Because global equality has not been written yet.

 

Observing Zaragoza

Festival Miradas de Mujer (Looks of Women) 2014 in Zaragoza.

During the month of March will take place the 3rd edition of the Festival Miradas de Mujer: La artista está presente. This is an initiative of the group of "Mujeres en las Artes Visuales" ("Women in Visual Arts") - MAV with the goal of "spreading the role of women in every professional realm of visual arts, from artistic creation to curating, criticism, research and management".

More than 1,000 artists, 253 exhibitions and 94 parallel activities are included in this national festival. Among museums, the main Spanish ones such as Museo del Prado, Museo Reina Sofía or Museo Thyssen are present. Aragon holds 16 sieges of this festival, 14 in Zaragoza and 2 in Huesca: Centro Joaquín Roncal, Official Association of Architects of Aragon, Espacio en Blanco (University San Jorge), Espacio en Construcción, Espacio Mudéjar, Finestra Estudio, Fundación Caja Rural de Aragón, Galería A de Arte, Galería Carolina Rojo, Galería Lasala, La Pantera Rossa, Main Hall of the University of Zaragoza, Torreón Fortea exhibition hall and Sala Juana Francés, the last two belonging to the Municipality of Zaragoza.

 

Kothaamisia. Association of Aragonese Female Creators (ADCA)

On 28 February will be presented a new entity: the Asociación de Creadoras Aragonesas, with an exhibition at the Centro Joaquín Roncal. As the organisers say this association "will pool all the communications through the image, the word and the sound, allowing us to enlarge ANOTHER PERSPECTIVE and establishing new links and perceptions". It can be visited until 29 March. Two round tables have also been organised on 7 and 8 March at Centro Joaquín Roncal and the Palacio de Sástago respectively, more information.

 

Brave and committed women. 29th Film Festival on North-South Dependency.

During the months of January and February has taken place the film festival "Brave and Committed Women" organised by ASA-Asociación Solidaria Aragonesa (Aragonese Solidarity Association) at Centro Pignatelly, with these films: The Green Bicycle by Haifaa al-Mansour, Evelyn by Isabel de Ocampo, Sunday God Willing by Yamina Benguigui, and El buen vivir by Ana Bueno Bayo and Carlota Muñoz Garrido.

 

Word of Woman. Reading club of Zaragoza Women´s House

The reading club Palabra de Mujer is opened to any woman interested in literature from a female perspective. Meetings take place on the last Wednesday of every month at 11:00 hours at the cafeteria of the Women´s House, calle Don Juan de Aragón, 2. http://proyectopalabrademujer.blogspot.com.es/

Zaragoza Culture Observatory has continued its public service work for the cultural sector of the city, being a tool for the analysis and a facilitator of the work of the cultural agents as well as for giving better answers to the necessities of the citizens. Among its available tools, the Observatory counts with useful directories including 770 artists and creators, 562 cultural associations, 2,534 cultural firms, 1,204 cultural equipments and 2,044 registers of cultural heritage. Its spreading activities have focused on the publication of this monthly newsletter.

 

Observing Europe

Chavalas Zine. Exhibition of fanzines at youth library Cubit

Chavalas Zine is an exhibition of over a hundred fanzines for girls. The goal is to show what is a fanzine, especially among the youngest. The exhibition is composed of more than 100 fanzines selected among 200 donations and loans. Biblioteca para Jóvenes Cubit C/ Mas de la Matas, 20.The show will run until 28 March 2014. >www.chavalaszine.tumblr.com

 

Painters in Spain at the University Main Hall

>On Thursday 20 February will open the exhibition Painters in Spain (1859-1926). From María Luisa de la Riva to Maruja Mallo at the Main Hall of the University of Zaragoza. The exhibition will be opened until 28 June.

 

Observing Zaragoza Cultural Firms

As in the rest of this newsletter, our goal is to show female presence in culture private sector, where women have launched new initiatives. Instead of interviews, as in former newsletters, we include a list of some of these companies and/or cultural projects boosted by women.

Women cultural entrepreneurs:

  • Leonor Bruna, director of the school of cinema Un perro andaluz

  • Raquel Anadón, artistic director of Teatro de las Esquinas

  • Nati Buil, director of Danza Trayectos

  • Cristina Yáñez, director of Teatro de la Estación

  • María López Insausti, manager of Teatro de las Esquinas

  • Amparo Bella, director of the Muestra de Cine Realizado por Mujeres (Festival of Cinema Made by Women)

  • Vicky Calavia, director of ProyectaAragón

  • Coral Elizondo, director of the Centre of Resources for Intercultural Education (Centro de Recursos para la Educación Intercultural (CAREI)

  • Eva Cosculluela, owner of the bookshop Los portadores de sueños and president of the Association of Bookshops of Zaragoza

  • and many more...

 

 

Observing Spain

 

New network of dance festivals in non-conventional places. Boosted, organised and coordinated by festival Trayectos of Zaragoza

This network is an information channel, a meeting system and a catalyser of projects and booster of festivals of contemporary dance. It is articulated on different festivals of dance geographically distributed: Palma amb la Dansa (Palma of Majorca), Cádiz en Danza (Cadiz), F.A.M. (Tenerife), Lekuz-Leku (Bilbao), Trayectos (Zaragoza), Corpo (a) Terra (Ourense), Huella (Aracena, Huelva), Dantza-Hirian (Donostia-San Sebastián), MASDANZA (Maspalomas, Gran Canaria) and Mes de Danza (Seville). The goal is to boost a circuit of companies for the exchange of pieces of contemporary dance between their festivals. The call for proposals is opened until 20 February.

 This network is also working in several projects thanks to its international links, one of them an agreement with the Choreographic Festival of Barva, Costa Rica "Solo Dos en Danza". The winning piece is shown in several festivals of the network. http://www.redacieloabierto.com/ .

 

Manifesto for the equality in culture signed by several associations

Last 1 March, several associations drew up and endorsed a manifesto for the equality of women in culture and sciences. It was signed by: CIMA (Association of Women Filmmakers and Audio-Visual Media), Clásicas y Modernas (Association for Gender Equality in Culture), MAV (Women in Visual Arts) and AMIT (Association of Women Researchers and Technologists).

 

The Manifesto demands the pursuance of the legislation in force for an equality access to decision jobs in the field of arts and sciences, both in career promotion as in the awarding of prizes and acknowledgements. Therefore, the selection must be made respecting the equality of opportunities.

The law also says that cultural offers must include the work of female creators, scientists, managers, critics? in the same percentage as men and in agreement with the Law on Equality.

The law also asks media and education institutions to give the visibility they deserved to the works and achievement of artists, creators, scientists and authors as well as the inclusion of gender perspective in syllabuses.

http://www.m-arteyculturavisual.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/manifiesto1marzo.pdf

 

Freedom of creation and female creators. School of feminist thought Clara Campoamor. Fuenlabrada

This school organises in February and March the event La libertad de creación y las creadoras. Obstáculos de siglos. Itinerarios actuales (Freedom of Creation and Creators. Obstacles for Centuries. Current Routes) aiming at building a bridge of multiple perspectives on this subject and for deepening in its causes, analysing at the same time its present impact. Freedom of female creation is a growing reality with obstacles even though the number of routes for female creators is multiplying.

This event includes the following speeches: Exercising an Unselfish Thought; Origin of Creation Denied for Women by Nieves Muñoz (5 February); Has Genius Sex? Origin and Legacy of Exclusion by Oliva Blanco Corujo (19 February); In a Broken World: Voices of Women from the Fronts of the Great World by Teresa Gómez Reus (26 February); Women Without Words. Creation and Procreation in the Work of Clarice Lispector by Laura Freixas (12 March); and In the Light of Today. Female creators rewriting key questions of our preceding female writers by Margarita Borja (19 March).

http://www.ayto-fuenlabrada.es/index.do?MP=2&MS=16&MN=2&TR=C&IDR=2285

 

Observing Europe

Following the line of this newsletter, we include women faces in European news.

Debate on the situation of women in film industry at the 64th Berlinale - 2014

Women from the whole world are meeting once again in the 64th edition of this international film festival. On 13 February, professionals from different countries have debated on the situation of women and gender equality in film industry. The Association of Women Film Makers (CIMA) and the Network of Iberoamerican Women of Cinema and Media (MICA) have collaborated actively in this meeting.

The debate, organised by the International Women?s Film Festival Network which has over fifty members from the whole world, is structured around three subjects: new strategies to obtain gender equality in film and media industry; best practices in organizations of women in world media; and public funding in Europe.

If you want to attend the meeting, send an email to: reception-iwffn@frauenfilmfestival.eu

http://www.cimamujerescineastas.es/htm/comunicacion/blog/noticias.php?id=2552

 

European Charter for the Equality of Women and Men in Local Life of the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CMRE)

This charter admits the right of women and men to participate in the cultural life and to enjoy artistic life with the same conditions. Its goal is to obtain the commitment of local and regional governments in the use of their power and that of its members for obtaining a bigger equality between women and men in local life.

It is recognised that women and men have different experiences and interests related to culture and that stereotyped attitudes and actions can produce this. The endorsers of the Charter commit themselves to implement and boost measures for an equal access of women and men to culture. http://www.dipujaen.es/export/sites/default/galerias/galeriaDescargas/diputacion/dipujaen/igualdad-bienestar-social/Carta_Europea_para_la_Igualdad.pdf

Publication: women creators of culture in Medieval Europe

This is one of the most known books on the presence of women in the history of culture. Written by Marirì Martinengo, Claudia Poggi, Marina Santini, Luciana Tavernini y Laura Minguzzi, is as it is stated in the foreword, "An unusual book of history because it talks more on female freedom and grandeur than on oppression and misery". It is a book on the life and work of five women that felt free to create culture durint the 10th and 12th centuries. The reader discovers the strength of these women who searched for and found what the socio-cultural context denied them: their own identity and culture.

 

Report of the French Senate. Women in the cultural sector

The delegation of the French Senate for women rights has worked specifically in 2014 on the subject "Women in the Cultural Sector" after having detected inadequate behaviours in this field. The Senate has already published a report including the three main problems identified: the persistence of stereotypes in cultural contents; a limited visibility of women in the areas of creation and celebration; and a majority of men in strategic jobs of the biggest cultural institutions.

http://www.senat.fr/notice-rapport/2012/r12-704-notice.html

 

Observing Latin America

Festival of cinema "Ellas Crean" at Havana

Inspired by the festival with the same name held every year in Spain from 2005, the Cuban Ministry of Culture, in collaboration with the Embassy of Spain in Cuba, organised last year the first edition of this festival with the goal of showing the achievements of women from both nations in art, literature and education. The main goal of Ellas Crean (They Create) is to show the creative diversity of women in different artistic disciplines, being also an open and multidisciplinary space for meeting in an atmosphere of celebration, culture and female creativity.

The program included the premiere in Cuba of the film Katmandú, un espejo en el cielo by Icíar Bollaín. The Muestra Jóven del ICAIC (ICAIC Young Festival) was devoted to present audiovisual works directed by young Cuban filmmakers. A debate, Cuban Women in the Audiovisual: A Preliminary Survey counted with the intervention of Eulalia Douglas, Marisela Perera, Martha Díaz and Mayra Álvarez; the conference Gender and Cuban Cinema and the screening of the documentary Ellas by Theodor Christensen and the film Mujer transparente by Héctor Veitía, Mayra Segura, Mayra Vilasís, Mario Crespo and Ana Rodríguez also took place. The program was completed with artistic exhibitions, music shows and theatre plays of Cuban creators.  http://www.diariodecuba.com/cultura/1380290112_5275.html

Online survey on Latin America women, including the cultural sector

In a survey recently made among the readers of BabeliAmerica and Papeles Perdidos, two contemporary women of the public realm and two creators from last century were considered as the most important and prestigious characters in the history of Latin America. In literature: the Chilean poet and Nobel prize Gabriela Mistral; and in the rest of arts the Mexican painter Frida Kahlo.

This initiative has been an homage to the women of Latin America, recognising the anonymous contribution of thousand of them to the development, evolution and creation of the American continent. The figure of 217 women of the survey shows that they are the backbone of the continent. Among them female writers such as Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Clarice Lispector, Isabel Allende, Alfonsina Storni, Alejandra Pizarnik, Juana de Ibarbourou, Olga Orozco, Elena Poniatowska, Nélida Piñón, Alfonsina Storni, Cecilia Meirelles, Rosario Castellanos, Blanca Varela, Claudia Lars, Elena Garro... and the artists Mercedes Sosa, Violeta Parra, Chavela Vargas, Tarsila do Amaral, María Félix, Celia Cruz, Imperio Argentina, Sonia Braga, Norma Aleandro, Alicia Alonso, Isabel Sarli, Shakira, Chabuca Granda, Salma Hayek, Dolores Durán, Doris Salcedo, Tina Modotti, Dolores del Río, Carolina Herrera, Totó la Momposina...and many other.

http://blogs.elpais.com/papeles-perdidos/2011/10/las-mujeres-latinoamericanas-elegidas-bachelet-menchu-mistral-y-kahlo.html

Online survey on Latin America women, including the cultural sector

In a survey recently made among the readers of BabeliAmerica and Papeles Perdidos, two contemporary women of the public realm and two creators from last century were considered as the most important and prestigious characters in the history of Latin America. In literature: the Chilean poet and Nobel prize Gabriela Mistral; and in the rest of arts the Mexican painter Frida Kahlo.

This initiative has been an homage to the women of Latin America, recognising the anonymous contribution of thousand of them to the development, evolution and creation of the American continent. The figure of 217 women of the survey shows that they are the backbone of the continent. Among them female writers such as Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Clarice Lispector, Isabel Allende, Alfonsina Storni, Alejandra Pizarnik, Juana de Ibarbourou, Olga Orozco, Elena Poniatowska, Nélida Piñón, Alfonsina Storni, Cecilia Meirelles, Rosario Castellanos, Blanca Varela, Claudia Lars, Elena Garro... and the artists Mercedes Sosa, Violeta Parra, Chavela Vargas, Tarsila do Amaral, María Félix, Celia Cruz, Imperio Argentina, Sonia Braga, Norma Aleandro, Alicia Alonso, Isabel Sarli, Shakira, Chabuca Granda, Salma Hayek, Dolores Durán, Doris Salcedo, Tina Modotti, Dolores del Río, Carolina Herrera, Totó la Momposina...and many other. http://blogs.elpais.com/papeles-perdidos/2011/10/las-mujeres-latinoamericanas-elegidas-bachelet-menchu-mistral-y-kahlo.html

 

Observing the World

 Irina Bokova re-elected as General Director of UNESCO

Mrs Bokova is a Bulgarian diplomat and politician recently re-elected as General Director of the UNESCO, a position she has occupied from 2009. She is the first woman elected to head this organization. She participated in the elaboration of the new Constitution of her country, having a great importance for the adhesion of Bulgaria to the European Union. She has also boosted the first seminary of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on the European Covenant of Human Rights. Mrs Bokova is doctor honoris causa for several international universities and speaks Bulgarian, English, French, Spanish and Russian.

In order to forge a culture of peace and boost sustainable development ?her priorities during these years- she has focused on two subjects: Africa and Gender Equality.

http://www.un.org/spanish/News/story.asp?NewsID=27988#.UvyrRHIYFQA

 

Retrospective of Isa Genzken at the Museum of Modern Art of New York

For the Museum of Modern Art of New York (MoMA), this German artist is one of the most important of contemporary art. She is highly appreciated by her varied non-conventional style: sculpture, photography, cinema, architecture, painting and collage.

As critics say "Genzken ignores the limits among genres and the transitions of her works fade. Enigmatic, inspiring and daring but never arbitrary or noisy. She does not

 use many words to describe her work, but she wishes her production to act face to face to the world".

This retrospective of the Museum of Modern Art of New York is probably for Genzken a special honour, not only by the prestige of this museum but also since Manhattan, with its architecture characterised by glass and modernity, has been a recurring element in the work of this artist living in Berlin. This will be the first big exhibition in the US of this special woman that deserves an enthusiastic welcome even beyond the world of art.

The exhibition can be visited until 10 March 2014 and later on in Chicago and Dallas.

http://www.moma.org/visit/calendar/exhibitions/1345.

 

Exhibition in Istanbul for the rights of women

On 3 February opened the collective and itinerant project "For the rights of women and against violence of gender" at the University of Fine Arts of Istanbul. The show includes paintings, drawings and photos.

More than 70 international artists from Uruguay, Colombia, Argentina, Turkey, Syria, Spain, England, Kosovo, Albania, Macedonia and Greece, and with the support of the Association of Women Artists from the Balkans, the Chancellery of Argentina and the embassies of Spain, Colombia and Paraguay participate in this exhibition.

The event has been organised for the first time in Colombia, Uruguay and Argentina, and now in Turkey. The next one will be in Kosovo and will open on 8 March on the occasion of the International Women´s Day. After that, it will be presented in Albania, Macedonia, Italy and finally Spain.

http://www.puntonoticias.com/exponiendo-en-turquia-por-los-derechos-de-la-mujer/#ixzz2tCwCUTnU

 

Calls

 

The City of Zaragoza, through its Service of Culture, announces the 29th Contest of Short Tales City of Zaragoza. Deadline on 18 February 2014.

The Municipal Board of Education and Libraries/Municipal Libraries organises the:

  • 17th edition of the Tales Contest of Torrero District. Deadline: 15.03.14

  • 2nd Contest "Crónica del Alba" of Young Literature. Torrero. Deadline: 15.03.14

  • 17th Contest of Poetry.Torrero. Deadline: 15.03.14

  • 13th Contest of Short Tales. Torrero. Deadline: 15.03.14

The House of Women, on the occasion of the International Women´s Day, organises the 19th Contest of Children´s Drawing. Deadline: 25.02.14

The City of Zaragoza, through its Service of Culture and in collaboration with the Permanent Commission of the Book of Zaragoza, organises the 10th International Prize of Historical Novel City of Zaragoza. Deadline: 03.03.2014

http://www.zaragoza.es/ciudad/gestionmunicipal/premiosyconcursos/preycon.htm

Sociedad Municipal Zaragoza Cultural organises the contest Ambar Z Music. Deadline: 23.02.14. Only works in digital format (mp3) and sent by the own groups through the portal www.ambarzmusic.com will be accepted.

For more calls visit:

http://www.zaragoza.es/ciudad/cultura/observatorio/profesional/listado_Agenda?nombre_contacto=Observatorio